At a Glance
Nesting in the slopes of the south flowing Sub-Himalayan ranges in the north east of India at the latitude 23.80o N to 25.68o N and longitude 93.03o E to 94.78o E, lies the State of Manipur. With beautiful ranges of hills surrounding an inter-mont through like valley of some seven hundred square miles. The region became the home of more than thirty ethnic groups at historical time, with varying responses to the changing geo-cultural environment.
The people inhabiting both the valley and the hills are of Mongoloid origin, with common racial roots for many and with settlements in the ancient cliffs of hillsides with pattern of descent into the fertile valley below. Migrations from the east and the south east with the urge of delineate areas of settlement and subsistence led to the dispersal of groups to various nook and corners of hill ranges and at the valley below, one predominant group called the Meitei took responsibility of building an ancient State, with an organized religion, a sophisticated social and political system with writing, and a supravillage political organization.
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Government of Manipur
History of Manipur
The documented history of Manipur begins with the reign of Meetei or Meitei King of Ningthouja clan Nongda Lairen Pakhangba(33–154 AD), who unified the seven clans of Meetei society. Manipur's early history is set forth in the Cheitharon Kumpaba, a chronicle of royal events which claims to record events from the foundation of the ruling dynasty in 33–AD.
Manipur became a princely state under British rule in 1891; the last of the independent states to be incorporated into British India. During the Second World War, Manipur was the scene of many fierce battles between Japanese and Allied forces. The Japanese were beaten back before they could enter Imphal, which proved to be one of the turning points of the War.
After the war, the Manipur Constitution Act, 1947, established a democratic form of government with the Maharaja as the Executive Head and an elected legislature. In 1949, King Budhachandra was summoned to Shillong, capital of the Indian province of Meghalaya where he signed a Treaty of Accession merging the kingdom into India. Thereafter the legislative assembly was dissolved and Manipur became part of the Republic of India. It was made a union territory in 1956 and a full-fledged state in 1972.
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Archives of Manipur
Tourism in Manipur
Manipur, a little Shangarila located in North-East India, is a Jewel of India. This little corner is a paradise on Earth where Mother Nature has been extra generous in her bounty. Least touched and least discovered Manipur promises to be the great tourist discovery of the 21st century.
An oval shaped valley surrounded by blue green hills, rich in art and tradition has inspired description such as the "Switzerland of the East" with its cascading rapids, tripling rivers, varieties of flowers, exotic blooms and lakes. The people of Manipur include Meitei, Nagas, Kuki-Chin-Mizo and Gorkhas groups and Muslims and other colourful communities which have lived in complete harmony for centuries.
These are the people whose folklore, myths and legends, dances, indigenous games and martial arts, exotic handlooms and handicrafts are invested with the mystique of nature. See more..
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Indigenous Games and Sports
The tradition of sports dates back to the ancient history of Manipur - a history of small kingdoms which were in keen competition with one another. Wars among themselves and with the Aawa (the Burmese) resulted in a martial tradition which in turn gave due impetus to the development of indigenous games. The majors games and sports are listed below
- Sagol Kangjei (POLO)
- Thang Ta & Sarit Sarak (Manipuri Martial Arts)
- Yubi Lakpi (Manipuri Style Rugby)
- Hiyang Tanaba (Boat Race):
- Mukna (Manipuri Wrestling)
Related Pages: http://tourismmanipur.nic.in/
Arts and Cultures
Manipur is a mosaic of ancient traditions and rich cultural patterns.
In the field of art and culture, the State is best represented by its classical and folk dance forms.
Raas Leelas depicts the Leelas (Sports) of Lord Krishna as a child with Gopies of Brindavan, and express their yearning for communion with the Lord.
The Raas Dance is perfectly lyrical and has extremely graceful movements.
A spring festival, the “Lai-Haraoba” held in April-May is symbolized by a traditional stylized and ritualistic dance performed for peace and prosperity.
The Tribal folk dances are an expression of nature, creativity and aestheticism of the tribal way of life.
One can be charmed by the colourful costumes, dance and unique rituals in festival such as Lui-Ngai-Ni (Seed sowing festival of Nagas of Manipur) an annual event and State Holiday.
Bests of Best Naga tribe culture is showcased on the stage, KUT (the largest festival of Kuki-chin-Mizo communities) an annual event and State Holiday. Best of Best of Kukichin-Mizo tribe culture is showcased on the stage.
Maps and Locations